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LONG ISLAND SOUND PROTECTION

LIS Annual Federal Funding

2014
President's Budget Proposal
$2,940,000

2013
$3,747,000

2012
$3,956,000

2011
$6,154,300

2010
$7,800,000

As an Estuary of National Significance, the immense value of the Long Island Sound cannot be overstated. Twenty million people live within 50 miles of the Sound’s beaches. Residents of New York and Connecticut depend on the Sound for recreational opportunities, fishing, sailing, and swimming. The Sound is also a critical component to a healthy regional economy, generating $8.5 billion annually. The LIS Stewardship and Restoration Acts expired in 2010. These two pieces of legislation provide the federal framework and a funding stream to achieve the restoration goals crucial to the long term environmental and economic integrity of Long Island Sound.

Federal Dollars Are Leveraged

The Long Island Sound Restoration Act monies represent the backbone to the entire protection and restoration program for the Sound. Despite advances in restoration, problems still persist. Continued investment is needed to continue progress in restoring the health of the Long Island Sound. The States of New York and Connecticut, and their municipalities, have invested hundreds of millions of dollars to restore the Sound's water quality and protect its coastal resources. Increased support from the federal government is desperately needed to match these increasing state commitments and to ensure that the necessary coordination between the states, the EPA and other federal agencies continues toward restoring Long Island Sound.

Unfortunately, the President's proposed budget shortchanges restoration efforts by cutting the Long Island Sound Restoration and Stewardship Acts 22% from the $3.747 million approved in FY 2013 to $2.94 million, and nearly 60% from the $7 million appropriated in FY 2011. This greatly undermines the EPA's ability to address the major impairments of the Sound's health, even as other ecosystems like the Chesapeake Bay are slated to receive significant increases in funding under the President's budget.

It is crucial that our congressional leaders work quickly to pass this important legislation to provide the funding needed to advance the restoration goals of our region's most important aquatic resource. Without immediate action, federal funding is in jeopardy of being lost for vital restoration and protection efforts in the Long Island Sound. Take Action Now!

LIS Lobster Population in a State of Decline

LIS lobster populations have been in a sharp decline for almost 15 years, as the resource struggles to adapt to rising water temperatures and poor water quality. In 2011, commercial lobstermen in LIS yielded less than 145,000 lbs of lobsters - a drastic reduction from the 3.5 million lbs harvested in 1998 before the die-off began. In response, the federal government has continually imposed strict restrictions on Connecticut’s commercial lobster industry, while ignoring the underlying water quality problems that are affecting the fishery. In order to aid this once robust fishery, keep the historic tradition of lobstering, and create green jobs, the federal government must provide adequate funding for wastewater treatment and Sound restoration projects!

Image of a clammer at work.

Restoring Shellfish

Oysters, mussels, and clams are an important part of our local economy and maritime culture; a culinary delight to many; and critical for healthy waters. Shellfish act as “filter feeders”, as each oyster and clam can filter up to 50 gallons of water a day. This helps improve water quality by removing pollutants, such as excess nitrogen. While lobster populations continue to struggle in the Sound, shellfish are on the rise. In 2006, the oyster harvest generated $4.4 million and in 2007 it grew to $7.4 million. The clam population has been steadily increasing since 1995. In 2007 the harvest was valued at $31 million. On June 1, 2011, for the first time in 40 years, Hempstead Harbor was reopened to shellfishing due to improvements in water quality! To continue the progress made in restoring our shellfish, sustained investment is needed from the federal government - NY and CT cannot fund this alone!

Reducing Point Source Pollution

Each day thousands of pounds of nitrogen pollution enter the Sound, mainly from sewage treatment plants. Excessive nitrogen pollution leads to hypoxia (low dissolved oxygen) or anoxia (no dissolved oxygen), making it difficult to sustain life. In 1998, NY, CT, and the Environmental Protection Agency agreed to reduce nitrogen entering the Sound by 58.5 percent by 2014. To date, nitrogen has been reduced by 25,444 equalized pounds per day, which is 70% of the goal. There is still another 11,000 equalized pounds per day to go!

The Clean Water State Revolving Fund (CWSRF) was created by Congress in 1987 to provide zero or low interest loans to municipalities to aide in the construction and repair of advanced wastewater treatment systems. The federal government has continually cut funding for vital wastewater infrastructure in recent years, shifting the burden to local governments. Projects to fix and improve outdated sewage treatment infrastructure in Connecticut and New York State are estimated at $5 billion and $36 billion, respectively, over the next 20 years. Progress must continue to upgrade sewage treatment plants and reduce harmful nitrogen pollution. Federal investment must continue, as NY and CT cannot fund this alone!

Protecting and Restoring Important Habitat

Healthy tidal wetlands, sea grass beds, beaches, and bluffs are critical for the survival of fish, shellfish, birds, and other wildlife found in the Sound's watershed. In 1998, the Long Island Sound Study (LISS) adopted a goal to restore 2,000 acres of coastal habitat and 100 miles for fish passage in rivers where dams and other structures have blocked fish from swimming upstream to reproduce. To date 1,045 acres of ecologically important habitat has been restored and 158 miles of fish passage has been created. Federal funding is needed to continue this progress -- NY and CT cannot fund these goals alone!

CCE, with the support of its members, has advocated for the protection of the Long Island Sound by securing funding and advancing stronger policy. In 1985 Congress created the Long Island Sound Study (LISS). The LISS is a collaborative effort, which includes government agencies, not-for-profits, and individuals; all working to restore and protect the Sound. CCE serves on the Citizens Advisory Committee for the LISS. Through the LISS, a Comprehensive Management Plan has been developed and is currently being implemented. The LISS has received federal funding through the Long Island Sound Restoration Act and the Long Island Sound Stewardship Act. While progress has been made, in 2010 the LISS estimated that over $70 million worth of investments was needed for LI Sound restoration, not including necessary upgrades to sewage treatment plants on either side of the Sound. NY and CT cannot fund these efforts alone!

Tell Congress We Need Clean Water

An adequate and consistent funding source is needed to continue progress on important restoration efforts in Long Island Sound. We need to urge Congress to pass the LIS Restoration and Stewardship Act now to provide adequate funding to continue programs needed to protect public health, our local economy, and quality of life.

How you can help:
Write to your two U.S. senators, your representative in the U.S. House, and President Obama. Urge them to restore Long Island Sound!

Email Tips:

  • Include your name and address.
  • Share how important restoring Long Island Sound is to you.
  • Urge your Congressional representatives and President Obama to:
    • Pass the LIS Restoration and Stewardship Act (H.R. 2174 / S. 1080); and
    • Provide at least $10 million in the 2014 budget for LI Sound restoration programs.
  • Ask them to respond to you with their position.

In New York:
Senator Schumerand Senator Gillibrand
Find and email your representative in the U.S. House

In Connecticut:
Senator Murphyand Senator Blumenthal
Find and email your representative in the U.S. House

E-mail President Obama


For more information:

Long Island Sound Study

U.S. EPA, Long Island Sound Study Management Plan

Updated by amcclelland 6/17/13

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